Installing a new toilet is a relatively straightforward process, but it does require careful attention to detail. Here’s a step-by-step guide to help you install a new toilet:
Materials and Tools Needed:
Wax ring with sleeve
Toilet mounting bolts
Hacksaw (if needed to trim bolts)
Remove the Old Toilet:
Turn off the water supply to the existing toilet by shutting off the water valve located behind or beneath it.
Flush the toilet to remove most of the water from the tank and bowl.
Disconnect the water supply line and remove the nuts from the bolts securing the toilet to the floor.
Lift the old toilet off the flange, exposing the flange and the sewer pipe.
Prepare the Flange:
Remove the old wax ring from the flange. Clean the flange and the area around it.
Check the flange for any damage. If it’s broken or deteriorated, replace it.
Install the Wax Ring:
Place the new wax ring onto the flange, making sure it is centered over the flange opening.
If your toilet has a horn (a raised, tapered section at the bottom), align it with the sewer pipe.
Install the Closet Bolts:
Insert the closet bolts into the flange, threading them into place. The wax ring’s sleeve should fit snugly around the bolts.
Position the Toilet:
Carefully lower the new toilet onto the flange, aligning the holes at the base with the closet bolts.
Press down firmly to compress the wax ring and create a watertight seal.
Secure the Toilet:
Place washers and nuts onto the closet bolts and tighten them evenly to secure the toilet to the floor. Be cautious not to overtighten, as this can crack the toilet.
Connect the Water Supply:
Reconnect the water supply line to the fill valve on the bottom of the toilet tank. Use an adjustable wrench to tighten the connection.
Turn on the Water Supply:
Turn on the water supply to fill the tank. Check for any leaks around the base and at the water supply connection. Tighten connections if necessary.
Check for Level:
Place a level across the bowl and adjust the toilet as needed to ensure it is level. Shim the base if the floor is uneven.
Trim Excess Closet Bolt Length:
If the closet bolts extend above the nuts, use a hacksaw to trim them to the appropriate length. Install the decorative caps provided with the toilet.
Seal the Base (Optional):
If desired, apply a thin bead of caulk around the base of the toilet to create a finished look and prevent any potential water damage.
Flush and Check:
Flush the toilet several times to ensure proper flushing and filling. Check again for leaks.
Congratulations! You’ve successfully installed a new toilet. If you’re not comfortable with any part of this process, it’s advisable to consult a professional plumber for assistance. Additionally, always follow the specific instructions provided by the toilet manufacturer.
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